31/12/2017

Welcome !

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Welcome to visit shrines and temples of Japan !

Take a virtual walk through Japanese culture, with haiku as a special treat.

Check the ABC - CONTENTS on the right side!
They provide the glossary of technical terms, keywords and other items you are looking for.



Kokubun-Ji, Tsuyama, Okayama


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General Information

. Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) . - - - Shinto Shrein
..... miya, guu 宮
..... honguu 本宮 Hongu, main shrine
..... taisha 大社 big shrine, Grand Shrine
..... yashiro, sha 社 (small) shrine etc.

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .



. Buddhist Temple (tera, ...ji 寺) . - - - Buddhistischer Tempel
crossroad temple, tsujidoo 辻堂
temple hall, hall, doo 堂


. Pilgrimages in Japan - Introduction .


WASHOKU - Temple and Shrine Food  

. Sake Legends and Shinto Shrines 酒と神社 .


. Kami, Hotoke and Haiku - the beginning .

. - Shrines visited by Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - .

. - Temples visited by Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - .

. - Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶  visiting shrines and temples - .

. - Shrines visited by Yosa Buson 与謝蕪村 - .   

. - Temples visited by Yosa Buson 与謝蕪村 - .   

. - Masaoka Shiki 正岡子規 visiting shrines and temples - .


Apart from shrines and temples, this BLOG concentrates on introducing terminology of the Shinto background,
with haiku to go.
Unless mentioned otherwise, the translations are done by myself.


Gabi Greve
Daruma Museum Japan, Spring 2013


under construction, please come back often!
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- KK KK - / - LLL - / - MMM - / - NNN - / - OOO -

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- UUU - / - VVV - / - WWW - / - XYZ -

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- on facebook -

. Japan Shinto Shrines - Facebook .

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22/08/2017

Ta no Kami Festivals matsuri

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. Ta no Kami 田の神 - Introduction .
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ta no kami matsuri 田の神祭り Tanokami festivals and rituals
for the God of the Rice Fields and 山の神祭り Yamanokami


There are many seasonal festivals and rituals to honor the God of the Rice Fields.


Ebino no Tanokami Matsuri

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. ae no koto, aenokoto あえのこと / 饗事 Entertaining the God of the Fields .
Noto Peninsula 能登半島 Noto Hantoo
- kuwa hajime, kuwahajime 鍬始 kuwa matsuri 鍬祭り festival of the hoe - February 10
- tauchi shoogatsu 田打正月 ritual New Year ploughing - February 11

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Ebino no Tanokami Matsuri えびの田の神祭り
Miyazaki
- see top picture -

毎年5月4日に行われる、えびの市末永地区の田の神祭り。
- reference : pref.miyazaki.lg.jp/contents... -

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Echizen no Tanokami Matsuri 越前の田の神祭り
Fukui

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Gero no Tanokami Matsuri 下呂の田の神祭り
Gero Onsen下呂温泉 Gero Hot Spring - Gifu



- reference : bosenkan.co.jp... -

Tanokami Matsuri - Flower Hat Festival
- quote -
February, | at Mori-Minashi-Hachiman Shrine, Gero Hot Springs, Gifu Pref.
Hanakasa Matsuri(花笠まつり)森水無八幡神社(岐阜県下呂市)
- reference and photos -


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. hiburi matsuri 火振り祭 "fire-swinging festival" .
at Shrine Aso Jinja 阿蘇神社 Kumamoto, now on March 16.
click for more photos  !
The origin of this ritual goes back to welcoming the god of the fields back in spring, to greet his wife (goze mukae 御前迎え) .


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. ta no kansaa matsuri 田の神さあ祭り / 田の神さぁ / タノカンサー.
鹿児島の田の神さあ Kagoshima
In Kyushu, the Ta no kansaa 田の神さあ is still venerated in more than 300 communities ...
- Ta no Kami of the Nishida Fields 西田の田の神さあ
姶良郡姶良町下名西田 Aira district Nishida Shimomyō

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Wakasa no Tanokami Matsuri若狭の田の神祭り / Yamanokami Matsuri 山の神祭り
Fukui

"Oikemono Jinji (オイケモノ神事)" O Ikemono Jinji is held at Kamo Jinja Kamisha (加茂神社上社) in Wakasa, Fukui.
Oikemono Jinji is an annual and unique ritual to perform divination of this year's harvest, and it was continuously held since about 1000 years ago.
. . . It is believed that the enshrined deity "Yama-no-kami (山の神)" is involved in the seeding.
. Wakasa Kamo Jinja 加茂神社 .

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. - - - - - - 田の神 山の神 kigo for haiku related to seasonal events - - - - - .

- - - - - Kigo for Late Spring

preparing a seat for the Field God,
..... ta no kami no koshikake 田の神の腰掛

Ceremony of Opening the Water Channels
..... mizuguchi matsuri 水口祭

Ceremony for the Seeds
..... tane matsuri 種祭
..... nawashiro matsuri 苗代祭

. ono jimai 斧仕舞 packing away the axes .


- - - - - Kigo for early summer

. sanbai oroshi さんばい降し calling the god of the fields .
sanbai matsuri さんばい祭 festival for the god of the fields
sanbai okuri さんばい送り sending off Sanbai
sanbai machi さんばい待ち waiting for the god of the fields
- sanbai 三拝 -


- - - - - Kigo for mid-summer

. satsuki imi 五月忌 Absention, abstinence in Satsuki  
Satsuki is the name for the fifth month of the lunar calendar.
Now 6 Jun – 6 Jul. This is the season of rice planting and welcoming the god of the fields.


. taichuu no majinai 退虫の呪 spell against insects
On the eighth day of the fourth lunar month.
This day was the one when the god of the mountain came back down to the fields for the rice-growing season and was celebrated in many regions.

sanaburi 早苗饗
さのぼり/さなぼり/うまさなぶり/代みて/わさのぼる/田植仕舞
田植を終って田の神を送る祭。転じて田植の仕舞の祝宴、休み日をいう。「サ」は田の神のこと。田植後、田の神が天に帰る日の祭を「サノボリ」といい、それが訛ったもの。 赤飯を炊いたり餅を
搗いたりして祝う。
- kigosai -

saotome 早乙女(さおとめ、さをとめ)
五月女、月乙女、五月乙女、早女房、田植女、植女
田植を行う女性をいう。昔は田植の祭儀にかかわる女の人が田の神に仕える装いとして、紺の単衣に赤い帯、白い手拭をかぶり、紺の手甲脚絆、菅笠のそろいの姿で一列にならん
で苗を植えた。
- kigosai -

and check
神の旅(かみのたび)初冬 kami no tabi
案山子揚 かかしあげ 初冬 kakashi-age
神迎 かみむかえ/かみむかへ 初冬 kami-mukae
- reference source : kigosai -


- - - - - Kigo for early winter

Aso Shrine Festivals 阿蘇神社 hiburi matsuri 火振り祭
"fire-swinging festival" Aso Shrine, Kumamoto
The origin of this ritual goes back to welcoming the god of the fields back in spring, to greet his wife (goze mukae 御前迎え(ごぜむかえ) .


yama no kami matsuri 山の神祭 festival for the god of the mountain
yama no maki koo 山の神講prayer group for the god of the mountain
..... yama no koo 山の講(やまのこう)
yama no ko matsuri 山の講祭festival of the prayer group for the god of the mountain
Held in the winter months at various shrines.
The prayer groups consisted of people who worked in the mountains. They had offerings twice a year, in early spring to open the season and in early winter to give thanks for the year.


. tookanya 十日夜 night of the tenth  
(tenth day of the tenth lunar month)
Harvest thanksgiving for the god of the fields, celebrated in Eastern and Northern Japan.
(nowadays around November 15). It was a full-moon day of old.


. inoko mochi, i no ko mochi 亥の子餅 rice cakes for the wild boar festival

They were prepared in the hour of the boar and eaten as a harvest thanksgiving. This a custom coming from China.
Here the deity honored is also seen as the God of the Fields (ta no kami).
Inoko is a festival on 旧暦10月の亥の日 the day of the wild boar in the tenth lunar month. On this day 田の神 the Ta no Kami - God of the Fields goes back to the mountains.
Festival of the Goddess 摩利支天 Marishi Ten and his animal, the Wild Boar.


. kagashiage, kakashi age 案山子揚 taking the scarecrows down .
Usually done on the tenth day of the tenth lunar month.
A custom of Nagano prefecture.
The scarecrow is taken from the field and placed in the garden of the home, harvest offerings to the god of the fields (ta no kami) are then made.




. yama no kami matsuri 山の神祭 festival for the god of the mountain .
yama no kami koo 山の神講 prayer group for the god of the mountain
..... yama no koo 山の講(やまのこう) / yama no ko matsuri 山の講祭(やまのこまつり)


. kami no rusu 神の留守 the gods are absent .
The tenth lunar month (now November), after the harvest when the Japanese gods had done their duty, they left their local shrines for a bit of a vacation. They would all go for an audience and to celebrate at the great shrine of Izumo, so the rest of Japan was "without gods".


- - - - - Kigo for the New Year

. kagihiki shinji 鉤引神事 ritual of pulling with hooks .
..... 鉤引(かぎひき)pulling with hooks, tug-of-war with hooks
also known as Uchiue matsuri.
Ritual to honor the deity of the mountain, in various mountain regions of Japan, especially in Nara, Mie and Kumamoto.


Sai no kami no kanjin 幸の神の勧進 Praying to the God of the Fields
On January 15.
This custom is mostly followed in the Tohoku region.


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. Ta no Kami 田の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

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sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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- #tanokamimatsuri #godofthefieldsfestivals #tanokamimatsuri #yamanokami -
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20/08/2017

Ta no Kami 01 Regional

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. Ta no Kami 田の神 - Introduction .
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Ta no Kami, Tanokami 田の神 God of the Fields
and Legends from Aichi to Yamanashi


. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


. tookanya 十日夜 (とおかんや) night of the tenth  
(tenth day of the tenth lunar month) and Inoko rituals

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....................................................................... Kumamoto 熊本県 .....
宇土市 Uto Town 綱引町 Abiki

During the time when the Ta no Kami is around, the ガワッパ Gawappa (Kappa) can do no harm to the children.

. ガワッパ gawappa カワッパ  kawappa, - river child - Kappa .
- Garappa ガラッパ Garappa Don ガラッパドン of Kyushu



. Aso Shrine Festivals 阿蘇神社
hiburi matsuri 火振り祭 (ひぶりまつり)
"fire-swinging festival"
Aso Shrine, Kumamoto
The origin of this ritual goes back to welcoming the god of the fields back in spring, to greet his wife (goze mukae 御前迎え(ごぜむかえ) .


....................................................................... Niigata 新潟県 .....
白根市 Shirone town

2月16日と10月16日は田の神まつりが行われるが、10月16日にはワッパダンゴを盛って俵の上に供えて主人は山の神を囲炉裏の客座に座布団を敷いて招き、お茶のおもてなしをする。そして、それを餓鬼に飲ませるといって縁側へ捨て、供物は主人が食べる。

. gaki 餓鬼 hungry demons .


....................................................................... Okayama 岡山県 .....
総社市 Soja town

. i no ko イノコ / 亥の子 Young Wild Boar rituals .


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- reference : nichibun yokai database -
115 田の神 to explore (00)
43 田の神 山の神 (00)

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. Ta no Kami 田の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

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sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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- #tanokami #godofthefields #yamanokami -
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Ta no Kami Legends

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. kami 神 Shinto deities .
. Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain .
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Ta no Kami, Ta-no-Kami 田の神 Tanokami, God of the Fields -
Introduction and Legends

paddy field Kami, god of the rice paddies, spirit of the rice field, Kami of the rice paddy

Ta no Kami, God of the Rice Fields is an important deity of the rice farming communities.
In Spring he comes down from the village mountain forest to the ta 田 rice fields to protect the harvest, hence the name Ta no Kami

In Autumn after the harvest, Ta no Kami goes back to the Satoyama mountain or forest behind the village to take a rest and collect strength for the next season..

Yama no Kami, God of the Mountain is the alter-ego of Ta no Kami after the harvest.
Yama here refers to the - - - . Satoyama 里山 "Village Mountain Forest" .



There are many stone monuments in his honor near the fields and at roadsides.
During festivals in his honor, the farmers hang paintings in their home or the local Shinto shrine to venerate this deity.

To understand Ta no Kami, it is important to know about the wet paddy culture of Japan.
The Japanese Emperor is embodying the god of the ripened rice plant.
. The Japanese Rice Culture .

The rice culture is related to divine animal messengers :
. Inari 稲荷 The Divine Fox Messenger .
- - - - - The deity venerated at Inari Shrines is Ukanomikami 宇迦之御魂神 / 倉稲魂神, the the spirit of rice.
. Ta no Kami and the ookami 狼 wolf connection .

Ta no Kami 土人形 clay bells and dolls
Ta no kami 掛け軸 scrolls and paintings

. Ta no Kami Matsuri 田の神祭 festivals and rituals .

Ta no Kami Mai 田神舞 / 田の神舞 神楽 Ta no Kami and Kagura dance
. . . CLICK here for Photos !
Ta no Kami Men 田神面 / 田の神面 maska for Kagura dance
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

keshoogami 化粧神 Kami with make-up

. Haiku and Kigo 俳句と季語 for Ta no Kami .

. Ta no Kami - Legends from Aichi to Yamanashi .

. Doosojin, Doososhin 道祖神 Wayside Gods .
They are usually represented as two stone figures, man and woman.

. Daikoku Ten 大黒天 the Deity Daikoku venerated as Ta no Kami .
He is portrayed holding a golden mallet, seated on bales of rice, with mice nearby (mice signify plentiful food).

. Ebisu Ten 恵比寿天 the Deity Ebisu venerated as Ta no Kami .

Ta no Kami is depicted holding phallic fertility symbols or a rice bowl and a
. shamoji しゃもじ / 杓文字 / shakuji 杓 ladle .
Shamoji are used to scoop rice out of the cooking pot. Also called "Rice Paddle", rice spoon, wood spatula, rice scoop.


. Ta no Kami - Reference, Books and Links - .




. Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain - Introduction .
a Deity with one eye

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- - - - - Terminology - other names of Ta no Kami - - - - -

i no kami 亥の神 Kami of the wild boar
jigami, jishin 地神 land Kami
nōgami, nooshin 農神 Nogami, farming Kami Nogami
sakugami 作神 Kami of production
sanbai sama 三拝様 local Kami from the Setonaikai region
sojin 祖神 ancestral Kami
ta no kansaa 田の神さぁ Ta no Kansa, Kagoshima
tsukurigami 作り神 Kami of making
ushigami 牛神 Kami of cattle

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- - - - - Ta no Kami - Introduction - - - - -

- quote -
Tanokami "Kami of the rice paddy,"
a tutelary of rice production. The general term ta no kami can be found nationwide, but regional variations exist in the specific names used to refer to the kami. Some include nōgami (farming kami) in the northeast, sakugami (kami of production) in Yamanashi and Nagano, and tsukurigami (kami of making) in the Kinki area. People in the Izumo region use the term i no kami (kami of the wild boar), while the term jigami (land kami) is used in the Inland Sea region, and ushigami (kami of cattle) in Kyushu.



The rice paddy kami has also undergone synthesis with Ebisu in eastern Japan, and with Daikoku in the west, leading to different cults from those of fishing and commerce normally associated with these two deities.

Festivals celebrating the kami of the rice paddy are ordinarily distributed between spring and autumn in accordance with the various stages of the agricultural process, but they are especially noteworthy around the time of spring rice transplanting, while additional rituals may be held at harvest. Examples of the former include observances called saori (greeting the rice-field kami) and sanaburi (or sanoburi, "sending off the rice-field kami"), while the latter include i no ko ("child of the boar") and tōkan'ya ("tenth night").
The cycle of spring and autumn festivals celebrating the rice paddy kami are seen nationwide, and appear to be linked to legendary concepts of identity between the rice paddy kami and the mountain kami (yama no kami) in those two seasons. Namely, in spring it is believed that the mountain kami descends from the mountain to the village, becoming the kami of the rice paddy, and in fall, the rice paddy kami leaves the field and returns to the mountain, where it becomes the mountain kami.
Certain differences exist in some regions, however. In the ritual called aenokoto of the Noto area, for example, the same kami circulates between rice paddy and the home, while in other examples, the deity is believed to remain in the field as a "guardian watch." The tradition of the "watch" kami is related to the legend that all the kami throughout Japan gather at the Izumo Shrine in the tenth lunar month (called kannazuki, or "month without kami"), while the "watch" kami alone remains behind to keep guard.

Since the time of folklorist Yanagita Kunio, the theory that the rice paddy god is actually an ancestral kami (sojin) has gained wide acceptance.
- source : Kokugakuin - Iwai Hiroshi -


This deity with one eye and one leg comes to the fields to protect them before the harvest, now in the form of a kakashi, with one leg and one eye.
Even the modern yellow plastic balloons with one black ring, which hang in the fields, are a modern version of this deity with one eye.



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- quote -
Tano Kami (田の神)
is a kami who is believed to observe the harvest of rice plants or to bring a good harvest, by Japanese farmers. Ta in Japanese means "rice fields". Tano Kami is also called Noshin (kami of agriculture) or kami of peasants. Tano Kami shares the kami of corn, the kami of water and the kami of defense, especially the kami of agriculture associated with mountain faith and veneration of the dead (faith in the sorei). Tano Kami in Kagoshima Prefecture and parts of Miyazaki Prefecture is unique; farmers pray before Tano Kami stone statues in their communities.
- Agricultural kami
In Japan, there are agricultural deities or kami. In the Japanese documents, Nihon Shoki and Kojiki, there were kami of rice plants, Ukano Mitama, Toyouke Bimeno Kami, and kami of corns, Ootoshino Kami. (Of them, Toyouke Bimeno Kami was written also in Engishiki, and is considered to be a female kami.
Generally speaking, in the Tohoku area of Japan, agriculture-related kami is Nogami (agriculture kami), in the Koshin area, it is Sakugami, in the Kinki area, it is Tsukurigami, in the Tajima and Inaba areas, it is kami of i 亥 (inoshishi, wild boar), (On the day of i, the fields are struck; which is considered to give peace on the harvest ground). In the Chugoku and Shikoku areas, it is Sanbai Sama, in Setonaikai, it is the local kami. ...
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


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Clay bell of Ta no Kami

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- quote -
... in a park in Ikebukuro in downtown Tokyo ...
This particular Suitengu is just a small local shrine in front of which stand four very unusual stone statues. Seen from the front, these stones depict stolid standing monks with grinning, almost mischievous faces. In their hands, they hold small bowls topped with steamed rice, and shamoji paddle-shaped rice ladles. Although the local people treat these stones as Dosojin guardians, they are actually Ta no Kami, rice paddy spirits that have somehow arrived here from southern Kyushu region.



The Ta no Kami cult is widespread throughout the country, and is at the heart of Japanese rural folk cosmology. The Japanese imbue rice with a sacred reverence and deep cultural significance that completely transcends the plant’s nutritional and economic value as a food grain. It was rice, first brought here from the Korean Peninsula nearly 3,000 years ago, that transformed Japan from a land of scattered hunter-gatherers to a great nation. Gohan, the basic word for cooked rice, is also a general term for food or a meal. Even today, the Japanese people, despite their insatiable appetite for bread and noodles, still think of themselves as rice eaters.

In most regions, the Ta no Kami are represented abstractly, with tree branches decorated with strips of paper, sometimes stuck into mounds of sand. In a restricted area of southern Kyushu, however, there is a tradition, dating back to at least the early 18th century, of carving unique stone representations, locally called Ta no Kansa. This tradition centers in Kagoshima Prefecture but includes a small portion of neighboring Miyazaki Prefecture as well.
- snip -
Yama no Kami reside in hills and forests all over Japan.
They can be thought of as basic animistic spirits mingled with the departed souls of the local ancestors, which are believed to eventually rise into the mountains. In many regions, these basic protective spirits inhabit the mountains during the winter months, but come spring they move down into the rice paddies, turning into the Ta no Kami and watching over the precious crop until the autumn harvest is over, after which they return to the forested slopes. In Kyushu, the Ta no Kansa stones are placed on the dikes that surround and separate the paddies, and the villagers hold colorful festivals to welcome and petition the Ta no Kami in spring, and to see them off with great thanks in autumn.
- source : Green Shinto 2012 -


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- quote -
Ta-no-kami: Water God of the rice paddy
Ta-no-kami: “Kami of the rice paddy,” a tutelary of rice production.
The general term ta no kami can be found nationwide. While the ta-no-kami has undergone synthesis and conflated with other folk beliefs and deities from other lineages, such as Daikoku and the Lord of the Mountain (Yama no Kami) and is now thought of as a male mountain spirit, it is plausible that the early Ta no kami was originally a female water goddess, given that such a goddess was venerated throughout Eurasia, and much of Central and Southeast Asia and given that the sound of “Ta” is similar to the “Da” shortened Indian form of the Danu / Dana / Dhanya goddess.
The Ta no kami
is depicted usually as an abstract deity or holding phallic symbols ...

- Continue reading in the :
. Darumapedia Library .

- source : japanesemythology.wordpress.com/ta-no-kami-god-of-the-rice-paddy -

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. Daikoku Ten 大黒天 .

A statue of Daikoku with Ta no Kami from Kagoshima in his back !


source : twitter.com/ikkaisai/status/

At 浜松市, 北区の光明寺 Komyo-Ji in Hamamatsu.

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- Reference : 田の神
- Reference : ta no kami japan


. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .


. . . . . fukidawara 蕗俵(ふきだわら)"butterbur barrels" as an offering to the God of the Fields

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. Yama no Kami, Yama-no-Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain .

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- #tanokami #yamanokami -
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19/08/2017

Yama no Kami - various news

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
- various news items -



初詣 山の神には誰もこん
hatsu-moode yama no kami ni wa dare mo kon

Fiste Shrine visit -
to our Mountain God
nobody comes


Gabi Greve, 2004, walking in our mountains




. The benevolent Uncle Yama .
By AMY CHAVEZ, Shiraishi - Japan Times, July 30, 2005



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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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Yama no Kami 05 Regional

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Legends from Aichi to Yamanashi



. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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....................................................................... Aichi 愛知県 .....
豊田市 Toyota

kitsune 狐 a fox
ある人が、永太郎にある山の神経痛の神さんところで大便がしたくなった。大便をしていると、決まってペタペタと音がすることが2・3回続いた。通りがかると大便をしたくなり、何者かがそれを食べている。決まって前を美しい小さなお坊さんが歩いていた。ある日股の間からのぞくと、後ろで狐が逆立ちして尾をふらふらさせていたという。


....................................................................... Aomori 青森県 .....



岩木山の神と鬼 Gods and Demons from Mount Iwakisan (Aomori)
畠山篤 Hatakeyama Atsushi

第1章 
岩木山の神の由来譚の生成― 百沢寺・イタコ・村人の語り(百沢寺が語る岩木山権現由来譚;二つ目の丹後日和の由来;三つ目の丹後日和の由来;丹後日和の背景と変容;イタコが語る“お岩木様一代記” ほか)
第2章 
岩木山の鬼と水利伝承― 津軽の鬼・山人・大人(鬼・山人・大人伝承の分布と分類;単純型;山幸型;農耕型;鉄器型 ほか)


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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -
more than 800 to explore 山の神 (01)
163 to be explored 山神 (00)
22 to be explored 山ノ神 (00)
43 to explore 田の神 山の神 (00)
Aichi / Akita / Aomori / ...

115 to explore Ta no Kami 田の神 (00)

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. Yama no Kami - toki.moo to explore .
017 奥多摩・ 稲村山の神さま Okutama, Mount Inamura no Kami
547 和歌山・ 高野山の神と弘法大師 Koyasan no Kami and Kobo Daishi
608 紀伊・ 大台ヶ原の鬼と山の神と弥山の神 Oni and Yama no Kami at Odaigahara, Kii and Mount Misen no Kami

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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- #yamanokami #godofthemountains #tanokami -
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18/08/2017

Yama no Kami 04 Individuals

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Individual Mountain Peak Deities


Yama no Kami of a Satoyama village forest is usually anonymous.

But many high mountain peaks have their own protector deity.

. Fujisan 富士山 Mount Fuji, Fujiyama .
the highest mountain in Japan
Sengen Daibosatsu 浅間大菩薩
Asama no Okami 浅間大神, Asama Daimyōjin 浅間大明神, Asama Gongen 浅間権現



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....................................................................... Akita 秋田県 .....

Sankichi Oni  サンキチ鬼 The Demon Sankichi
三吉さん - サンキチサン Sankichi San / 秋田三吉さん Akita Sankichi San


source : blogs.yahoo.co.jp/akiyamagaku...

protector deity of 太平山の守護神 Mount Taiheizan 太平山 (1,170 m)

Sankichi san was a very huge, strong man who could carry a cannon in both arms while walking the mountains.
He was born in 稲庭 Inaniwa and would win any bout of Sumo wrestling with ease.
He worked for a merchant for some time and when the apprenticeship was ended, the merchant told him to carry whatever he could and take it back home. Next morning the master looked in his barn and found that all the rice had gone and only two bundles were left. Sankichi had carried all of them on his back.
Once there was a fire and the six-year old daughter of a relative was seen on a roof, putting out the blaze.
Later they thought this must have been Sankichi, shapeshifted in the form of a young child.

When the army was in trouble during the 日清戦争 Sino-Japanese War in 1895, Sankichi came carrying a cannon and helped them to fight the enemy.



At the shrine 三吉神社 Miyoshi Jinja he is venerated as 戦の神様 a god of war.
三吉 Miyoshi is another reading for Sankichi.



- HP of the Shrine
秋田県秋田市広面字赤沼3の2 / Akanuma-3-2 Hiroomote, Akita Town
- reference source : miyoshi.or.jp/information... -

- quote -
The Miyoshi Shrine is a Shinto shrine built in 673 AD (originally at the top of Mt. Taihei, it was rebuilt at this location in 1977) that sees over 800,000 visitors a year. Like most other shrines and temples in Japan, it gets crowded in the New Year when people come to wish for good health, prosperity, and happiness. ... Where today ordinary people and middle aged business men pray at this shrine, the Edo period saw the Satake samurai clan as one of many who paid regular visits to the Miyoshi Shrine.
The torii or gate at the shrine
has on display two komainu statues, lion-dogs that are meant to guard the entrance. One statue has its mouth open, the other closed. The open mouth, as if to say ‘ah’, symbolises birth. The closed mouth, as if to say ‘um’, symbolises closure or death. Together, the two forces protect the shrine from evil spirits and welcome those coming to worship and pray.
- source : en.japantravel.com/akita... - Victoria Kamila


- quote -
Sankichi Oni  サンキチ鬼 The Demon Sankichi



Sankichi Oni is a Japanese Yokai monster folklore in Akita Prefecture.
Sankichi Oni loves drinking. It appears at a local pub from a mountain it lives. Sankichi Oni always leaves without paying, but it'll come back in midnight and leave logs which are 10 times more valuable than the bill of its drink. However, that only happens when not asking for payment. If asked for payment, Sankichi Oni would curse.
- source : shotakotake.deviantart.com/art/Sankichi-Oni... -


source : tinami.com/view...

This strong Sankichi would also help villagers to move heave luggage in exchange for a barrel of Sake ricewine. Even the local Daimyo Lord sometimes made use of his strength.
The legends about the Demon Sankichi eventually concentrated around Mount Taiheizan.


....................................................................... Wakayama 和歌山県 .....

. Hyooze no Matsuwaka 兵生の松若と伝説 Matsuwaka from Hyoze .


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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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- #yamanokami #godofthemountains -
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Yama no Kami 03 Tengu

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Tengu, the Mountain Goblin




. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


....................................................................... Yamanashi 山梨県 .....

torii-gi 鳥居木 a tree named Torii

山にある鳥居木と呼ばれる木を伐ることを忌む。倒してしまった大木が山の神や天狗が遊ぶ木なら祟りがあるので、小枝を切ってこの木で代わりに遊んでくれるように祈る。

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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -
100 to explore (01)

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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- #yamanokami #godofthemountains #tanokami -
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Yama no Kami 02 Kappa

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Kappa the Water Goblin




. 河童 / かっぱ / カッパ - Kappa, the Water Goblin of Japan! .


. hyoosubo ヒョウスボ カッパ /兵主坊 Hyosubo .
Suiten 水天, 水神 deity of the water and also deity of the mountains (Yama no Kami 山の神)


. かりこ坊 Karikobo is venerated as Yama no Kami .
Miyazaki


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


....................................................................... Kagoshima 鹿児島県 .....
大島郡 瀬戸内町

旧10月の庚の日は山の神々が海に魚釣りをしに行く日だと言い、山にも海にも行ってはならない。山では神が山の尾根を通るので岩の崩れる音がする。


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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -
20 to explore (01)

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

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- #yamanokami #godofthemountains #tanokami -
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Yama no Kami - Reference

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Introduction .
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Ta no Kami 田の神 God of the Rice Fields
Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
- Reference, Books and Links -


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Hatakeyama 畠山篤 Hatakeyama Atsushi


岩木山の神と鬼 Gods and Demons from Mount Iwakisan (Aomori)

第1章 
岩木山の神の由来譚の生成― 百沢寺・イタコ・村人の語り(百沢寺が語る岩木山権現由来譚;二つ目の丹後日和の由来;三つ目の丹後日和の由来;丹後日和の背景と変容;イタコが語る“お岩木様一代記” ほか)
第2章 
岩木山の鬼と水利伝承― 津軽の鬼・山人・大人(鬼・山人・大人伝承の分布と分類;単純型;山幸型;農耕型;鉄器型 ほか)bbb


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- - - - - Books about 田の神 - - - - -


田の神図鑑―鹿児島風土記 Kagoshima Fudoki



田の神まつりの歴史と民俗
森田悌、 金田久璋


薩摩の田の神さぁ ― 榊晃弘写真集 Satsuma no Ta no Kamisaa
榊 晃弘

稲の祭と田の神さま―失われゆく田んぼの歳時記
酒井 卯作

田の神と森山の神
下野 敏見

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- - - - - Books about 山の神 - - - - -


山の神 / ネリー・ナウマン, Nelly Naumann

昭和38‐39年に独文で発表され、書名のみ知られながら、ほとんどだれも本格的に取りくみ、論じようとしなかった民俗学=民族学の画期的論著の完訳。猟師および山稼ぎ人の山の神、古栽培民(焼畑農耕民)の山の神、農耕民の山の神の文化層をはじめて析出し、「山の神」信仰の汎世界的な資料を紹介しながら位置づけた幻の名著。
- further explanation of the contents :
- reference source : kinokuniya.co.jp... -

Nelly Nauman (1922 - 2000) - Obituary
- source : Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture -

Nelly Nauman was German.
Yama no kami, die Gottheit der Jager und Waldarbeiter
Yama no kami — die japanische Berggottheit
"Susanoo und Yama no kami"

.......................................................................

山の神/神々の誕生 |/ 吉野裕子 Yoshino Hiroko (1916 - 2008)

山の神 易・五行と日本の原始蛇信仰 / 吉野裕子

山の神と日本人―山の神信仰から探る日本の基層文化 / 佐々木高明

山の神さま・仏さま 面白くてためになる山の神仏の話 / 太田昭彦

- more to google -



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- - - - - Links about 田の神 - - - - -

山の神・田の神 - Information
- reference source : shinshizo.com... -



Ta-no-kami: “Kami of the rice paddy,” a tutelary of rice production.
locally called Ta no Kansa
It is possible that the Ta-no-kami (lit. the “Ta” deity) may have been derived from the The Hindu Danu, Eurasian Proto-Indo-European Dana/Danu->Da deity.
- - - - - very long essay
- source : japanesemythology.wordpress.com/ta-no-kami-god-of-the-rice-paddy -

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- - - - - Links about 山の神 - - - - -



Yama no Kami Mai 舞い Kagura dance
山の神舞は大山祇命オオヤマズミノミコトの勇壮にして豪快な舞。
- reference source : tohoku21.net/kagura/kagura... -




尺殿明神 : 伊賀市白樫、岡八幡宮の山ノ神
- reference source : blog.goo.ne.jp/pzm4366/e... -


Yama no Kami Onsen 温泉 - Hanamaki, Iwate

Yama no Kami men 面 - masks for Noh


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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -

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. Ta no Kami, Ta-no-Kami 田の神 Tanokami, God of the Fields .

. - Yama no Kami 山の神 Introduction - .
. - Yama no Kami and Fudo Myo-O .
. - Yama no Kami and Kappa .
. - Yama no Kami and Oni .
. - Yama no Kami and Tengu .
. - Individual Mountain Peak Deities .
. - Regional Legends - From Aichi to Yamanashi .
. - Haiku and Kigo 俳句と季語 .
.......... yama no kami matsuri 山の神祭 Festival of Yama no Kami, December 12

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sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

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Yama no Kami Legends

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. kami 神 Shinto deities .
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Yama no Kami, Yama-no-Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
Introduction and Legends


Yama no Kami is an important deity of the rice farming communities and comes in many colors in rural Japan.
Yama here refers to the
. Satoyama 里山 "Village Mountain Forest" .
In Spring he comes down to the rice fields to protect the harvest, then called
Ta no Kami 田の神 God of the Fields
paddy field kami, god of the rice paddies, spirit of the rice field
Ta no Kami is the busier part of this two-fold deity.

In Autumn after the harvest, Ta no Kami goes back to the Satoyama mountain or forest behind the village to take a rest and collect strength for the next season.
There are many stone monuments in his honour near the fields and at roadsides.
During festivals in his honor, people hang paintings in their home or the local Shinto shrine to venerate this deity.
Some Yama no Kami have even taken on rather individual features of a local hero.
Yama no Kami is also the deity of hunters and mountain forest workers.



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- - - - - Table of Contents - - - - -

. Ta no Kami, Ta-no-Kami 田の神 Tanokami, God of the Fields - Introduction .

. - Yama no Kami 山の神 - Introduction - . (this page)
. - Yama no Kami and Fudo Myo-O . (this page)
. - Yama no Kami and Kappa .
. - Yama no Kami and Oni . (this page)
. - Yama no Kami and Tengu .
. - Individual Mountain Peak Deities .
. - Regional Legends - From Aichi to Yamanashi .
. - Haiku and Kigo 俳句と季語 for Yama no Kami .
.......... yama no kami matsuri 山の神祭 Festival of Yama no Kami
. Yama no Kami - various news items .

- . Ta no Kami, Yama no Kami - Reference, Books and Links .

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- - - - - Yama no Kami - Introduction - - - - -

- quote -
Yamanokami - "Kami of the mountain."
While the term yama no kami is a general expression referring to any kami dwelling in a mountain, a number of differences exist between low-land agriculturalists and mountain folk (people who make their living from various forestry or mountain-related occupations) in the character of their yama no kami and respective ways of worshiping such kami. While the expression yama no kami is found throughout Japan, other locale-specific terms also exist, including sanjin, jūniyamakami, osatosama, and sagamisama.

Agriculturalists in many parts of Japan share the belief that the yama no kami and ta no kami (rice field kami) share a dual identity, traveling between mountain and village in spring and fall. In the spring, the yama no kami descends from the mountain and enters the rice field, where it becomes the ta no kami which looks over the growth of grain. Following the fall harvest, the ta no kami leaves the rice paddy and returns to the mountain, where it becomes the yama no kami until the next spring. This phenomenon indicates that the kami involved is conceived of as a single entity sharing both characterstics of yama no kami and ta no kami, and leading to a widely accepted theory that the kami's original identity was that of an ancestral spirit.

For Japanese farmers, the yama no kami represents a tutelary of agriculture responsible for bringing the water that is most crucial to rice farming. In contrast, the mountain peoples who make their livings by hunting, charcoal burning and forestry generally consider the yama no kami a tutelary of the mountain, but they do not share agriculturalists' belief that the yama no kami and ta no kami alternate between mountain and rice paddy. While some agriculturalists believe that the yama no kami is female, mountain peoples extend the concept by saying that the yama no kami bears twelve children each year, thus representing a kami with strong reproductive capabilities, and in some areas leading to an identification with the ubugami, a tutelary of infants and childbirth (see also ubusunagami). Further, woodturners (latheusing woodworkers called kijishi or rokuroshi), consider the yama no kami to be a married pair, and thus enshrine paired male and female images of the kami.

Mountain people's practices regarding the yama no kami tend to involve strict taboos or imi, for example, prohibitions against entering the mountain on the day of the kami's festival: since the kami counts the mountain's trees on that day; it is said that anyone cutting down a tree that day will be pinned under it and die. The yama no kami is also sometimes said to dislike women, or to be adverse to the pollutions of childbirth and menstruation. Some say that the yama no kami is an ugly hag, with the result that rituals are performed to flatter the kami by offering her items thought to be even uglier, in hopes she will respond by granting worshipers blessings from the mountains. This belief was thus linked to the practice of offering stonefish to the kami of the mountain.
- source : Kokugakuin, Iwai Hiroshi -

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Yama no Kami 山の神 has only one eye
Amanomahitotsu no kami 天目一箇神 / Amatsumara 天津麻羅
- "the one-eyed kami of heaven"



source : google.co.jp

- quote -
Amatsumara 天津麻羅
Other names: Amenomahitotsu no kami (Kogo shūi)
A kami of ironworking (kajishin).
Kojiki states that as the blacksmith of the Plain of High Heaven, Amatsumara was called upon to refine the iron used for making mirrors, using the "hard rocks of heaven" and the "metal mountain of heaven" located above the "Tranquil River of Heaven" (Amenoyasukawa). Together with Ishikoridome, he was said to have assisted in the making of the mirror used to lure Amaterasu from her hiding place in the rock cave of heaven. The name Amatsumara means ma-ura ("eye divination"), which some believe means "one-eyed," a reference to an occupational hazard of blacksmiths.
..... Mori Mizue, 2005, Kokugakuin

This deity is also called
noogami 農神 / ノウガミ様 No-gami - obosuna sama オボスナ様 / おぼすな様 Obosuna, Ubusuna deity
deity for agriculture, especially the rice fields and sake rituals.






There are more than 800 legends about this seasonal deity to be introduced here.
Ta no Kami legends will follow soon.
The contents follow the ABC list of the prefectures.

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楠元の山の神 Kusumoto no Ta no Kami



This stone statue was made in 1712.
- with more photos of Ta no Kami from Aira, Kagoshima
触田(ふれた)の田の神 / 福岡家の田の神 / 西田の田の神 / 日木山里の田の神
木津志の田の神 / 木津志堂崎の田の神
- reference source : city.aira.lg.jp/bunkazai/kanko... -


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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- - - - - Yama no Kami and Fudo Myo-O - - - - -

. 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O - Introduction .

....................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県 .....
刈田郡 Katta district 七ヶ宿町 Shichikashuku

Once upon a time
a master carpenter from Hida wanted to build 不動堂 a hall for Fudo Myo-O in one night. It was summer and the nights were quite short, so he could not finish his work. Therefore he threw away all the wood he had prepared and left the village. They all became different rocks along the left side of the river 白石川 Shiroishigawa, now called
柱岩、桁岩、染岩、ヌキ岩、角柱岩、敷板岩、萱岩.
To our day, the Yama no Kami takes pity on things here and if there is a flooding of the river, he stops it at the border of the village.

. Hida no Takumi 飛騨の匠 expert carpenter from Hida .


....................................................................... Tokyo 東京都 .....
西多摩郡 Nishitama district 桧原村 Hinohara village

When one becomes a true servant of the Kami, one is able to see its various features:
The Kami of 和田の山 Mount Wada is seen as 蛇 a serpent.
The Kami of 大沢の山 Mount Ozawa is seen as 小さい蛇 a small serpent.
The Kami of another mountain was seen as a pregnant woman.
The roadside Kami at the village border is seen as 火の神 a God of Fire.
Obusu-sama オズスナ様(産土神), the deity of birth is seen as Fudo Myo-O.

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- - - - - Yama no Kami and 鬼 Oni Demons - - - - -

. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - Index - .


岩木山の神と鬼 Gods and Demons from Mount Iwakisan (Aomori)
畠山篤 Hatakeyama Atsushi

第1章 
岩木山の神の由来譚の生成― 百沢寺・イタコ・村人の語り(百沢寺が語る岩木山権現由来譚;二つ目の丹後日和の由来;三つ目の丹後日和の由来;丹後日和の背景と変容;イタコが語る“お岩木様一代記” ほか)
第2章 
岩木山の鬼と水利伝承― 津軽の鬼・山人・大人(鬼・山人・大人伝承の分布と分類;単純型;山幸型;農耕型;鉄器型 ほか)


....................................................................... Akita 秋田県 .....

Once upon a time
the 男鹿の本山の神 Yama no Kami from the main mountain Honzan of the Oga Peninsula had demons as his followers.
They were allowed to go down to the villages on the 15th day of the New Year and scare the people.

. Namahage なまはげ / 生剥げ from Oga Hanto .


....................................................................... Niigata 新潟県 .....
佐渡郡 Sado district

Kinpokusan 金北山の神 Mount Kinpokusan (1,172 m)
昔、佐渡を治めていた金北山の神さまが、もし節分に撒いた豆から芽が出たら佐渡の国を譲ろうと鬼に約束する。このときの約束状が金北山のお堂の下に埋めてあるともいい、いくら鬼がとりに来ても、神さまは決してわたさないという。
.
昔、佐渡を治めていた金北山の神さまが、もし節分に撒いた豆から芽が出たら佐渡の国を譲ろうと鬼に約束する。ところがある年、その豆から芽が出たので、神さまはあわててモグラを呼んで根を食いちぎらせ枯らしてしまった。鬼は怒って猫に命じてモグラを捕まえさせようとした。それ以降節分の豆はよく炒るようになったという。
.
昔、佐渡を治めていた金北山の神さまが、もし節分に撒いた豆から芽が出たら佐渡の国を譲ろうと鬼に約束する。ところがある年、その豆から芽が出たので、神さまはあわててモグラを呼んで根を食いちぎらせ枯らしてしまった。鬼は怒って猫に命じてモグラを捕まえさせようとした。それ以降節分の豆はよく炒るようになったという。


. Tonchibo トンチボ, Tonchiboo トンチボウ Tanuki from Sado .
Tonchibo is also a local name for the Deity of the Mountain Forest, Yama no Kami 山の神, and thus a taboo word for the local fisherman.

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白根市 Shirone town

gaki 餓鬼 hungry ghosts
2月16日と10月16日は田の神まつりが行われるが、10月16日にはワッパダンゴを盛って俵の上に供えて主人は山の神を囲炉裏の客座に座布団を敷いて招き、お茶のおもてなしをする。そして、それを餓鬼に飲ませるといって縁側へ捨て、供物は主人が食べる。


....................................................................... Yamaguchi 山口県 .....
下関市 Shimonoseki 蓋井島 Futaoijima Island

On this island there are four forests sacred to the Yama no Kami, 山の神の森 Yama no Kami no Mori.
They have their special legend.
A very long time ago
Four Oni demons from Shinra (Silla, Korea) came over the sea to invade Japan. 神功皇后 Regent-Empress Jingu Koogo invited them to a banquet and served them Sake with poison to get rid of them. Three of them fell down in the forest of Futaoi. One Demon fell down in 高野の森 the forest of Takano. Their enboku 魂魄 Demon Souls cursed the place and the islanders, so the islanders finally built a shrine to appease their souls.

蓋井島の八幡宮 Hachimangu on Futaoi Island



山の神の祭 Festival for Yama no Kami
- reference source : ameblo.jp/shimonose9m/entry... -


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. Ta no Kami, Ta-no-Kami 田の神 Tanokami, God of the Fields .


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sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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